Knee & Joint Replacement Surgeon - About Knee Surgery

The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The fibula, smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia and the kneecap (patella) are the other bones that make-up the knee joint.

Tendons connect the knee bones to the leg muscles that move the knee joint. Ligaments join the knee bones and provide stability to the knee:

  • The anterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding backward on the tibia (or the tibia sliding forward on the femur).
  • The posterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia (or the tibia from sliding backward on the femur).
  • The medial and lateral collateral ligaments prevent the femur from sliding side to side.

Two C-shaped pieces of cartilage called the medial and lateral menisci act as shock absorbers between the femur and tibia.

Numerous bursae, fluid-filled sacs, help the knee move smoothly.

Dr.Aditya khemka has a special interest in ACL Reconstruction using anatomy preserving technology and Knee Replacement Surgery using computerised navigation technology. He is one of the expert knee replacement surgeon in mumbai.

For more information or to book a consultation to assess whether knee replacement surgery is right for you please contact Dr.Aditya Khemka s’ office on  book an appointment online.

Know About Different Knee Surgeries

Knee arthroscopy is an excellent minimally invasive operation that allows thorough visualisation of the knee joint necessary for diagnosing and addressing various pathology both inside and outside the knee joint.

Knee Arthoscopy

A tumour replaces healthy tissue with abnormal tissue and can weaken the bone causing it to break or fracture.Tumour growth or behaviour will vary according to the type of tumour and depending on whether the tumour is non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

Tumour

Arthritis is often referred to and thought of as a single condition. But it is actually an umbrella term for more than 100 different conditions which affect the musculoskeletal system and joints where two or more bones meet.

Arthritis

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilising ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure which is located in the centre of the knee and runs from the femur to the tibia.

ACL Reconstruction

Knee Arthroplasty, otherwise known as Total Knee Replacement, is a surgical procedure which replaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial joint. The aim is to take away pain, restore function and preserve anatomy.

Knee Arthroplasty

The patella (kneecap) is a thick, circular-triangular bone which articulates with the femur (thigh bone) and covers and protects the anterior articular surface of the knee joint. It is part of the extensor mechanism of the knee (quadriceps muscle).

Patellar Malalignment

The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) is the primary medial stabiliser of the patella (knee-cap).The role of this rope like ligament is to prevent the knee from lateral dislocation (dislocating to the outer side of the knee) and subluxation (partial dislocation of the joint).

MPFL Reconstruction

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure which is located in the centre of the knee and runs from the femur to the tibia.

ACL Rupture in Children

The tibial plateau is one of the most critical load-bearing areas in the body and is located on the upper extremity of the tibia. It is composed of two slightly concave condyles (the round prominences of a bone) separated by an intercondylar eminence and the sloping areas in front and behind it.

Tibial Plateau Fracture

Knee Arthroplasty, otherwise known as Total Knee Replacement, is a surgical procedure that replaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial joint. The aim is to take away pain, restore function and preserve anatomy for patients who suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee.

Knee Unicompartmental Replacement

Osteotomy is a surgical operation where a bone is cut to shorten, lengthen or change its alignment. Knee osteotomy is commonly used to realign arthritic damage on one side of the knee. The goal is to shift the patient’s body weight off the damaged area and onto the other side of the knee where the cartilage is still healthy.

High Tibial Osteotomy